IIRAJ is committed to keep the integrity of all its publications. It is necessary for there to be agreement upon the standards of ethical behavior expected from all parties involved in the publishing process; these include the author, the editor, the peer reviewer and the publisher. IIRAJ follows the Best Practice Guidelines on publishing ethics.
IIRAJ Publication does not tolerate plagiarism, or the publication of material that is libelous, illegal or which infringes the copyright or other rights of any third party. In addition, the manipulation of scientific data, tables, figures or any text for the purpose of knowingly providing incorrect information in order to manipulate the process of peer review is strictly prohibited.
Authors publishing a paper with IIRAJ should certify that (i) all those mentioned in the list of authors have contributed significantly to the paper, (ii) no person who has made a significant contribution has been omitted from the list of authors or acknowledged persons, (iii) the paper has not been and will not be submitted to any other publication until either the review process has been completed or the paper has been withdrawn, (iv) the submitting author assumes responsibility, within the limits of his or her professional competence and for the accuracy of the paper.
The editor or peer reviewer of IIRAJ publication shall evaluate manuscripts on their intellectual content, irrespective of the race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy of the authors. The editor and any editorial staff shall not disclose any confidential information concerning a submitted manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisers, or publisher, as appropriate. The content of any unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted manuscript is not to be used, either in whole or in part, in an editor’s own research without the express written consent of the submitting author.
The publisher affirms that any misconduct, in the form of fabrication, falsification or plagiarism, jeopardizes the success of the entire scientific endeavor. Any questions rose with regard to possible misconduct or plagiarism will initially be evaluated by the editor(s) of the publication, in consultation with the manuscript’s peer reviewer(s) if appropriate. If deemed appropriate, the matter will be taken up with the institution where the scientific work in question was performed. In principle, matters will be reviewed in accordance with the institutional procedures for handling allegations of misconduct. At all stages, every effort should be made to ensure that the process is fair and just, both for those who have been accused of misconduct and for those who have raised the issue of scientific misconduct. In the event that a published article must be retracted or corrected, a statement of retraction or correction, usually in the form of an erratum, will be published. Articles may be removed from the publication if deemed appropriate.
Any reports of potential misconduct or plagiarism should be sent to email@example.com.
Ethics should be applied on all stages of research, such as planning, conducting and evaluating a research project.
The first thing to do before designing a study is to consider the potential cost and benefits of the research. We evaluate the cost and benefits for most decisions in life, whether we are aware of it or not.
This can be quite a dilemma in some experiments. Stem cell research is one example of an area with difficult ethical considerations. As a result, stem cell research is restricted in many countries, because of the major and problematic ethical issues.
Researchers should avoid any risk of considerably harming people, the environment, or property unnecessarily. The Tuskegee Syphilis Study is an example of a study which seriously violated these standards.
Not use deception on people participating, as was the case with the ethics of the Stanley Milgram Experiment obtain informed consent from all involved in the study.
Preserve privacy and confidentiality whenever possible.Take special precautions when involving populations or animals which may not be considered to understand fully the purpose of the study.
Do not offer big rewards or enforce binding contracts for the study. This is especially important when people are somehow reliant on the reward. Not plagiarize the work of others not commit science fraud, falsify research or otherwise conduct scientific misconduct. A con-study, which devastated the public view of the subject for decades, was the study of selling more coke and popcorn by unconscious ads. The researcher said that he had found great effects from subliminal messages, whilst he had, in fact, never conducted the experiment. Do not use the position as a peer reviewer to give sham peer reviews to punish or damage fellow scientists.
Basically, research must follow all regulations given, and also anticipate possible ethical problems in their research.
Competition is an important factor in research, and may be both a good thing and a bad thing.
Whistleblowing is one mechanism to help discover misconduct in research.
Last updated June 2015.
This policy applies to all IIRAJ-owned journals and to those journals published with partner organizations.
Authors must not fabricate, falsify or misrepresent data or results. They should strive to be objective, unbiased and truthful in all aspects of their work.
Authors must be honest in making claims for the results and conclusions of their research. Making inflated claims for a project interferes with the objective evaluation of its results and applications, and can lead to an unfair and wasteful distribution of resources.
Authors should strive to avoid mistakes in research and exercise due diligence in presenting high quality work for publication. They should critically assess the likelihood of experimental, methodological and human errors and avoid self-deception and bias. Where possible they should conduct an internal review to assess the validity of their work before publication.
If an error occurs
It is, of course, recognized that errors will occur from time to time. When an error is discovered in published or submitted work, the mistake should be admitted and a corrigendum, erratum or retraction should be published. Corrections should be approved by all authors of the original article unless there is a particular reason why this is not possible. In these cases any dissent among the authors should be noted in the published correction.
Submitted articles must be the author's own work. Plagiarism constitutes unethical scientific behavior and is never acceptable. Plagiarism can be both accidental and intentional. Either way, it can still be prosecuted as a crime.
Verbatim Plagiarism: The copying of portions of another author's paper with citing, but not clearly differentiating what text has been copied (e.g., not applying quotation marks correctly) and/or not citing the source correctly. Verbatim copying, near-verbatim copying, or purposely paraphrasing sentences of another author's paper and/or, copying elements of another author's paper (such as non-common knowledge illustrations and equations) without citing the source and without clearly delineating (e.g., in quotation marks) the source material.
NB: Representing substantial portions of another’s work as one’s own can result in the stronger penalties in the event of citation of that work.
Embedded plagiarism: This kind is the most deceiving. They simply copy the essence of the original paper but take care to keep the reference to the original author all along and also in the references as well. As a result the plagiarized paper also would be a look alike original paper but may appear in a different journal or conference or as the case may be. The role of the original author as a result is delegated in its essence from the original author category when somebody happens to refer the plagiarized paper first in a different journal or conference in the first place.
Self absorbed plagiarism: The third most commonly practiced plagiarism is the self absorbed plagiarism, wherein, the author mutes the first paper into different forms with different titles to be presented in diverse conferences and journals just to increase the number of publications to enhance ones number of publications. The self-plagiarism occurs when authors reuse portions of their previous writings in subsequent research papers. Occasionally, the derived paper is simply a re-titled and reformatted version of the original one, but more frequently it is assembled from bits and pieces of previous work.
When a single author publishes many papers on the same subject matter in the shortest possible period, it is an indication pointing towards self abasement on the intellectual plane.
Accidental plagiarism: Where, the sources may be cited, however, the information can be found in the source is not properly listed or in some cases, the papers cited as references themselves may be not original.
However, in all these cases authors should consult with the journal staff before submission. In all instances, articles must clearly cite their sources and present some new contribution to the published literature otherwise such articles will be rejected.
The plagiarism policy ensures authors give due credit to other authors while referencing and it protects academic integrity of the research community.
To aid us in detecting any submissions that do not meet the above requirements, we regularly use plagiarism-detection software to screen articles.
Authors republishing their earlier published work (self-plagiarism) will also be dealt in the same procedure as mentioned above.
Peer Review Policy
We at IIRAJ, aspire to select research paper, through highest quality peer review. To achieve this, the entire peer review and publication process must be thorough, objective, fair & original work that has not been previously published or currently not under review at another journal/conference. Almost every aspect of this process involves important ethical principles and decisions, which are seldom explicitly stated and even less often shared with the readership. Journals' reputations depend on the trust of readers, authors, researchers, reviewers, editors, research subjects and administrators of public health policy. This trust is enhanced by describing as explicitly as possible the journal's policies to ensure the ethical treatment of all participants in the publication process.
Peer review by independent scientists provides advice to the Editors and staff of journals, and is an essential component of the scientific process. All submissions process will be completely double blind review process can take a maximum 07 days from the date of the review submitted.
IIRAJ journals are international in authorship and in readership and referees are carefully selected from the worldwide research community. Referees’ names are kept confidential and may only be disclosed to journal Editorial Board members, who are also instructed to maintain confidentiality. Unbiased consideration is given to all manuscripts offered for publication regardless of the race, gender, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, political philosophy, sexual orientation, age or reputation of the authors.
Peer review is fundamental to the scientific publication process and the dissemination of knowledge and information.
Peer reviewers should be experts in the specific topic addressed in the articles they review, and should be selected for their objectivity and scientific knowledge. All reviewers should be informed of the publication’s expectations.
Reviews will be expected to be professional, honest, courteous, prompt, and constructive.
The editors may routinely assess all reviews for quality; they may also edit reviews before sending them to authors.
Information and ideas obtained whilst acting as a referee must be kept confidential and not used for competitive advantage. Referees should inform the journal if they are unable to review a paper or can do so only with some delay. They should not delay the peer review process unnecessarily, either deliberately or inadvertently.
Referees should judge objectively the quality of the research reported, give fair, frank and constructive criticism and refrain from personal criticism of the authors. Comments made by referees may be seen by the authors. Therefore referees’ judgments should be explained and supported so that authors can understand the basis of the comments and judgments.
Referees are expected to point out relevant work that has not been cited, and use citations to explain where elements of the work have been previously reported. If they believe that the work is substantially similar to a manuscript or any paper published or submitted to another journal, they should report this to the journal staff for further investigation.
We request that referees do not contact authors directly. Many IIRAJ journals consult two referees and the opinion of one reviewer may not reflect the journal’s final decision on an article. Receiving partial advice from one referee can give authors a misleading impression of the peer review process. If there is a particularly urgent reason for contacting the author then this should be done via the journal office .Editors should publish annual/proceedings audits of acceptance rates, publication intervals, percentage of submissions sent out for external peer review, and other performance data.
Editorial Decisions should be precise. We have following Publication Guidelines:
If a published paper is subsequently found to have errors or major flaws, the Editor should take responsibility for promptly correcting the written records in the publication.
Quality and other performance characteristics of editors should be periodically assessed
Wrongly deposit money or extra deposit money will return back within 03 weeks if respective candidate inform us within 02 days after the date of money deposit or transaction but once paper/ article is published with respective Volume/ Issue, the publication fee will not return or reverse back to the author.
Paper revocation / cancellation policy:
All papers accepted will be the property of the relevant publication "International Institute of Research & Journals (IIRAJ)" is. Please note that :
Handling cases of misconduct
IIRAJ is not able to actively police the policies and conditions of publication. Our relationship with our authors is based on trust and we publish submitted material in good faith. We believe that employers have the prime responsibility for ensuring their researchers’ good conduct and for the provision of ethical training and leadership.
However, it is our responsibility to maintain the integrity of the scientific record as far as possible. If a possible breach of this ethical policy, or similar misconduct affecting article(s) in our journals, is brought to our attention, we will ask the authors to respond. Whilst journals do not have the resources or legal legitimacy to fully investigate all allegations of scientific misconduct, we will seek advice from an article’s referees and/or the journal’s Editorial Board. If there is then evidence that trust has been significantly compromised by an author’s or referee’s actions, we will attempt to redress the matter by:
IIRAJ reserves the right not to work with authors who are abusive to our staff, referees or editors.